Capt. “Sully” Sullenberger is known for landing a US Airways plane on the Hudson River in 2009. He was most recently the U.S. ambassador and permanent representative to the International Civil Aviation Organization, a specialized agency of the United Nations, and is a safety expert, author and speaker on leadership and culture. Published today in the Chicago Tribune...
In backrooms and dark corners, airline lobbyists, particularly the Regional Airline Association, are scurrying all over Washington, still trying to undo all the hard work that has been done to make air travel the safest form of transportation in human history. They’re doing this for the usual reasons. They want to try to cheapen pilot training and levels of experience for their own financial gain and expedience. They’re trying to do what is easier and cheaper for them, not what is best for passengers or crews, or for their industry.
Once again, it is necessary that those of us who deeply understand that safety really must be the priority are having to refight the same battles that we have had to fight too many times before.
This time around, the lobbyists are trying to weaken pilot experience requirements by seeking super credits for certain training experiences and, in so doing, substantially lower the number of actual pilot flying hours required. This subterfuge is trotted out as a way of achieving their goal of cheapening and quickening flight training without appearing to lower the total 1,500 hours required. But with super credits, the total flight hours would be much less, as much as 50% less. If we were trying to provide more physicians to serve rural areas, would we suggest that the answer would be to cut medical school in half from four years to two years? No! We’d say that would be crazy — because it is crazy.
When pilots have only a few hundred hours of flight experience, it means they have experienced only one cycle of the seasons as a pilot: one spring of gusty crosswinds, one summer of thunderstorms, one fall of fog and frost, and one winter of ice and snow. And if their flight training was all conducted in Florida, they would not have experienced a real winter. If their training was in Arizona, they might not ever have flown in a cloud! The first time they encounter real weather should not be when they are flying paying passengers, unwitting and unwilling test subjects.
The way pilots develop the critically important judgment they must have is through effective experience in the real world of operational flying, with its challenges and ambiguities, not in the hand-holding of the sterile training environment and not just in simulated flight.
The lobbyists are also pulling an old debater’s trick, posing a false choice between quantity and quality of flight training and experience. They are trying to convince us that if the quality of training is good enough, then less of it should be required, when in reality, we can and we must have both.
[ Editorial: Don’t compromise safety to ease airline pilot shortage ]
On US Airways Flight 1549 on Jan. 15, 2009, First Officer Jeff Skiles, now a captain, had 20,000 hours of flight time like I did. He and I had only 208 seconds from losing thrust after being struck by a flock of birds to when we landed in the Hudson River. We did not have time to discuss what had happened and what to do about it. I had to rely on him immediately and intuitively knowing what he should do to help me. We had to be able to collaborate wordlessly. If he had been a lot less experienced, we could not have had as good an outcome or managed to save every life.
It is not only in extreme emergencies that airline flying requires two fully trained, qualified and experienced pilots in every cockpit. At the other end of the spectrum, those same aptitudes, traits and qualities must be present as well. In fact, one of the biggest challenges in airline flying is how often it is routine, and it is in those situations that each crew of pilots must have the professionalism and diligence to avoid complacency and ensure that best practices are adhered to on every hour of every flight, every day, every week, every month and every year, for decadeslong careers.
So, I am calling on everyone who flies to loudly and forthrightly tell the airline lobbyists that we’re on to them and their subterfuge, and we’re not having it. We are not going to allow them to turn back the clock to the days not that many years ago when there were dozens of airline crashes resulting in hundreds of deaths each year.
Our message is clear: Pilots must have the aptitude and the diligence to strive for excellence and become the best of the best. And we must arm them with the knowledge, skill, experience and judgment necessary to handle whatever challenges they will face.
High levels of pilot training and experience literally make the difference between success and failure, life and death. And in safety-critical domains like aviation, everyone involved must have a deep understanding that “just good enough” — isn’t.
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5 thoughts on “Sully on The Vital Importance of Safety First!”
Exactly what is being proposed? Remember the 1500 hr. requirement was a misguided response to an accident by apparently poorly trained pilots that actually had more than 1500 hrs. at the time of the accident. So it would seem that there is some validity to quality vs quantity of pilot training. I would agree that if a reduction in required hours are being proposed it should be for all, not a select few.
The Congressional 1500-hour rule was definitely a “sledgehammer solution,” but this was not just a reaction to Colgan 1470. It was an indictment of the entire FAA and the regional airline system that had become dangerous. The FAA had succumbed to industry pressure and agreed to amazingly low pilot-hiring minimums (250-hour FOs with an 8-month upgrade to captain). This lack of pilot quality and experience were resulting in many mishaps and accidents. We certainly do not want to repeat that mistake.
Unfortunately, we are now developing a different safety problem with worse long-term implications. “Industrial aviation training” has resulted in decreasing levels of pilot skill and knowledge across the aviation industry. 2/3s of CFIs have taught for less than a year: These academies are creating inexperienced pilots in their “factory environment.” Brand new CFIs, operating with very little supervision, are only “creating co-pilots for the airlines” https://bit.ly/SAFE-Copilots Forcing every pilot to be a CFI and build hours is destructive to their motivation and the quality of aviation education as a whole. We need more viable pathways for new pilots to build quality hours and experience. This requires the interaction between new and experienced pilots. True aviation education is an apprenticeship.
Not every new pilot wants to be a CFI and it really takes years of experience to do this well. Consequently, pilots-in-training everywhere are not getting the benefit of a good pilot education. The current “bridge programs” like Cape Air and Tradewinds provide real experience for future employment; we need more of these opportunities. Teaching at smaller, grass-roots GA operations is an amazing opportunity for new CFIs (and for learning well). Unfortunately, many small GA operations are now suffering with the new destructive PSI pricing structure for knowlege tests https://bit.ly/SAFE-PSIX This eliminates a stable income for lots of smaller operations.
Aviation is the only industry that survives in spite of itself.
Low time pilots and instructors do not have the experience required to meet a real life unforeseen emergency.
They don’t know what they don’t know and that can be a killer for the crew and passengers. Before the 1500 hour minimum, some regional pilots did not even know how to properly communicate on the radio and follow standard airport procedures. “Dunning-Kruger effect”.
Rewarding lack of knowledge and inexperience creates an unsafe environment. Lobbying for lower safety standards is dangerous and unethical practice.
Safety first !!!